At one year of age, you may start to use whole milk as long as your baby’s red blood cell count is normal. Babies need whole milk (instead of low-fat or skim) until they are two years old. We encourage you to wean your baby completely off the bottle to the cup at this time.
Table foods are best now. Baby food is usually not needed now. Babies can eat with you at meal times and can have 2 to 3 healthy snacks each day. Serve milk with the meals. Babies do not grow as fast the second year and may seem to have little or no appetite. You will need to trust her appetite. We will carefully follow her growth to make sure she is getting the proper nutrition. Ask us if your baby might need vitamins. She should continue with fluoride drops if it is not in the water.
Babies are different in their developmental stages. Your baby should be able to pull herself to a stand. She may be able to walk or nearly walk. She may play games and imitate activities. She may react positively or negatively to strangers. She should be able to put one object inside of another. She may be able to say two or three words such as “mama” or “dada.” You can help her by pointing to things and repeating the word. It also helps to have her touch things while you say the words. Smile and praise your child when she learns new things.
As your baby learns to walk she will want to explore new places. This is normal. Watch her closely. Babies need parents to protect them.
You will need to start to set limits for your baby. If she cries because she cannot have her way, either distract her or place her in a “time out” spot for about one minute. Try to praise her for positive things so that she is not always hearing the word “no.”
If your baby is not sleeping through the night, let us discuss it with you. Your baby should not be going to bed with a bottle. Continue nighttime routines that will help her know what to expect at bedtime.
CAR SEAT SAFETY
Experts now recommend that the baby continue to face backwards in the car seat until age two. Keep her in the back seat especially if you have air bags in your car. Carefully follow the manufacturer’s instructions when installing new or converting old car seats for your child.
- Avoid candy, hot dogs, peanuts, etc. that can cause choking in your baby.
- Put plastic covers in unused electrical outlet.
- Keep curling irons and electrical cords out of reach.
- Use care around stoves and other hot items.
- Never leave your baby alone in a bathtub.
- Always supervise your baby around water, including toilets and buckets.
- Never leave your baby alone around steps, open windows, or other places that he can fall from.
- Keep sharp objects out of the way.
- Keep medicines and chemicals safely locked away or disposed of safely.
- Keep the number handy for the Poison Control Center: 1-800-222-1222
Your child will need the following immunizations after reaching her first birthday:
- MMR (Measles, Mumps and Rubella)
- VARIVAX (Chickenpox Vaccine)
- HIB (Hemophilus Influenza Type B)
- HEPATITIS A – This may be started at 12 months or 18 months.
- PREVNAR (Protects against Streptococcus Pneumonia bacteria) DTaP (Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis)
- CALL OUR OFFICE IF: Your child develops a rash or fever in the two week time period following the vaccine.